French forces under General Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau, camped right here from June 20 through June 24, 1781, their camp that is sixth on solution to White Plains.

French forces under General Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau, camped right here from June 20 through June 24, 1781, their camp that is sixth on solution to White Plains.

After the camp in Bolton, the next end of French forces to their solution to White Plains was at East Hartford, where in actuality the troops enjoyed several days of sleep. The Bourbonnais occupied the campsite close to the Connecticut River from June 22 through June 24; the Saintonge utilized the website from June 25 through 27. The Royal Deux-Ponts camped beside them from June 23 through June 25, whilst the Soissonnois camped across the road from Bolton from June 24 to June 26 on today’s Silver Lane.

Grenadier, Soissonnois Regiment of InfantryCourtesy Anne S.K. Brown Military Collection, Brown University, Providence, RI

Joseph O. Goodwin states that “Rochambeau had been quartered at Squire Eliza Pitkin’s house during the south-west part of Main and Pitkin Streets in East Hartford (relocated in 1953 to 173 tall Woods Drive in Guilford), maybe perhaps not definately not the old conference household, that has been utilized being a medical center throughout the sojourn associated with the military. … Other French officers stayed at both personal and general public homes,” such as for example Richard Pitkin’s Tavern (there is certainly an indicator regarding the Green during the intersection of Parker Street and Porter Street in Manchester, erected 1973) “and tales regarding the dances, barbecues, and cattle roasts had been told locally for quite some time. The Abbé Robin, a Catholic priest utilizing the army that is french stated that in this encampment he stated the initial Catholic Mass within the State of Connecticut, which will have already been almost certainly on Sunday, June 24, 1781.

After being kept in the home of James S. Forbes on 135 Forbes Street in East Hartford, kegs of silver were exposed in the French encampment to pay for soldiers and officers, presumably providing the title of “‘Silver Lane’ to that particular locality.” These lines show how local lore had combined with history because of the time Goodwin published their reputation for East Hartford in 1879. The sign at 201 Silver Lane and Elizabeth Shea Park in East Hartford, commemorating “the officers || and men of the French Army … who camped near this spot in 1781,” identifies Camp 6 regarding the Regiment Soissonnois just; one other three regiments camped nearer the river as suggested in modern maps. Silver Lane, in accordance with Hughes and Allen’s research of Connecticut Put Names, may well have received its title from a silversmith whom resided there very nearly two decades ahead of the first French troops marched down that road. That doesn’t suggest, nonetheless, that Rochambeau’s troops weren’t compensated whilst in Hartford with cash saved in Mr. see page Forbes’ household. Rochambeau carted huge amounts of money with him: Admiral Barras had caused 1.2 million livres in silver with him, element of an overall total of 6.6 million distributed around Rochambeau, as he arrived ashore in Boston on May 6, 1781. French troops had been paid on time, so punctually, in reality, that Sturgill states that “to my knowledge the Crown failed to miss spending an individual product or officer on time throughout the eighteenth century.” The troops were therefore familiar with getting compensated that maybe perhaps maybe not an individual main supply mentions this, or every other, payday! French troops had been paid month-to-month ahead of time; they certainly were quartered in Hartford between June 22 and June 27, and because these were for a march, it really is quite feasible which they had been paid sooner than typical.

The journals have interestingly small to express about Hartford where headquarters that is general situated: “a big city, split in 2 because of the river this is certainly known as following the province. Its quite nicely designed with some pretty homes, nevertheless the streets aren’t paved,”… “quite a considerable spot split by a river of the identical title,”… “the money for the province of Connecticut, can be found regarding the west bank of this river of this name … big, well-built, with an excellent state home plus some extremely wealthy inhabitants”, are typical responses. The comte de LauberdiГЁre described Hartford being a city of “three to four hundred homes, the streets aren’t paved, they truly are quite wide, the Court home (sic. The ongoing state House ended up being built just in 1796; the French troops saw an early on edifice) in which the general set up regarding the state matches is extremely big and breathtaking. … The province of Connecticut abounds with pasturage; the pets listed here are associated with best beauty. Additionally they grow wheat here of that they ship the flour towards the Antilles.”

32. Camp Г  East-hartford, le 22 Juin, 12 1/2 kilometers de Bolton, le 23 and 24 SГ©jour; undated; Louis-Alexandre Berthier Collection, Portfolio IX, Packet 21-6; Manuscripts Division, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, Princeton University Library. Reproduced with authorization of Princeton University Library

There is certainly a plaque to commemorate the hospital that is french of on principal Street during the north-west part of principal Street and Pitkin Avenue in East Hartford, that has been erected in 1902.

A word on cash and funds

The soldier of this rГ©gime that is ancien had been notoriously underpaid. Whenever salaries when it comes to troops had been increased by 50 % for the expГ©dition particuliГЁre, a fusilier received 9 sols 6 deniers per time or 14 livres 5 sols per month/171 livres per year. (For administrative purposes the military that is french each month as having thirty days.) The grenadier that is better-paid 11 sols a day, 16 1/2 livres each month or 198 livres each year, as did a hussar. A sergeant-major, the NCO that is highest-paid 486 livres each year. Before departure, the ranking and file received one month pay that is 18 livres through the masse gГ©nГ©rale to equip themselves; another 18 livres through the masse were distributed upon arrival in Newport. (All efforts towards the masse gГ©nГ©rale, increased from 36 livres when it comes to French infantry and 72 livres when it comes to international infantry to 48 and 84 livres to account fully for the expected high costs associated with United states campaign, had been included in the top.) However they additionally had stoppages obtained from their pay. The ordonnance of 20 March 1780, set meals expenses at 2 sols for bread and 1 sol 6 d for beef each day. This suggested a month-to-month meals bill for each and every NCO and enlisted guy of